Myopia

Vision problems > Myopia

Myopia

What is Myopia?

Myopia is a refraction defect that makes it difficult seeing far away. This occurs because the images of far away objects are focused in front of the retina and not directly on it, and the resulting image is blurred.

This visual alteration usually develops during childhood and usually evolves until the age of 18 to 20, when it tends to stabilise.

Why does myopia occur?

Manly due to three reasons:

  • Because the eye is longer than normal, these being the most frequent cause.
  • Because the curvature of the cornea is high.
  • Or because the dioptric power of the lens increases, that usually occurs when cataracts form.
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How is it treated?

Myopia is a vision problem that can be compensated with divergent or negative lenses, with glasses or contact lenses, making the clear image of far objects focus on the retina.

It can be provisionally corrected with orthokeratology (Ortho-K), treatment which uses personalised contact lenses during sleep, that allow us a good day sight without having to use any form of optical correction.

Myopia can also be corrected completely with refractive surgery, wither with techniques that use femtosecond laser techniques (ReLEx Smile) and/or excimer laser (Lasik, PRK) or by implanting phakic lenses (ICLs).

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 Myopia is a refraction defect that makes it difficult seeing far away, and makes objects placed at a certain distance look blur. 

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