Dry eye | IOA Madrid
Dry eye is a multifactor disease of the tear film and the eye surface that causes symptoms of discomfort, visual disorders and instability of the tear film, with potential damage on the eye surface. It is accompanied by an increase of tear osmolarity and inflammation of the eye surface.
It can be due to the lack of tear secretion (hyposecretor dry eye), as happens with some immunological diseases, hormonal factors or with age, among many other causes, or due to a bad quality of the tear (evaporative dry eye), due to local alterations such as blepharitis or allergies, among others, which are also influenced by environmental factors, such as heating systems, air-conditioning, working in front of a screen, etc.
Dry eye is the most frequent pathology at our consultations, as it produces a wide and varied combination of symptoms that alter the patient's quality of life and work performance.
For an appropriate diagnose it requires a good examination and identification of the symptoms and circumstances, and specific tests that include an analysis of the tear osmolarity, essential to identify the type of pathology, severity of the affectation of the eye surface and underlying illnesses.
The treatment for dry eye will be specific for each patient and situation, and ranges from the use of tear substitutes (artificial tears), the implant of plugs in the tear duct or the correction of the secretion of the glands at the edge of the eyelid by means of steam goggles, to the use of anti-inflammatory or revitalising serums extracted from the patient's blood (autologous serum). This pathology should not be trivialised, because in addition to the frequency in which it appears and the deterioration of the quality of life of the patient, it may be the tip of the iceberg of endocrine, hormonal and especially autoimmune diseases, the early diagnose of which is essential.
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Dry eye is the most frequent pathology in Ophthalmology consultations, as it produces a wide and varied combination of symptoms that alter the patient's quality of life.